#139 Nanoulos Mill

Location

In Dolo village is one of the most famous bridges in the area. The bridge of Nonoulos, built in 1880, bridges the stream of Kouvaras. Next to the bridge is the traditional watermill of Nonoulo.

The area is easily accessed by a paved path that starts just before the village of Dolo.

 

Construction Data

The watermill is the first machine of production constructed by man using natural, mild and renewable energy. With the power generated by the water fall from above or flow and with the help of the wheel, invention that changed human history, they moved simple and then complex machines, covering most needs of pre-industrial societies.

The watermill of Nonoulos consists of stone built building relatively of small dimensions

The main parts we meet in the watermill are:



The millrace (input)

The Mylovageno

The tornado (Siphon)

The Cross

The Axis

The Impeller

The Millstones

The Skafida

The Alevrothiki

The millrace (- output)

 

Historical Data

The mill and the bridge, owe their name to Nonoulo Galanou, local resident.

The owner of the bridge was a poor woman in the region, which had to pass the often impetuous and dangerous stream from an old wooden bridge over the river, in order to market her products to the neighboring areas. Lady Nonoulo, realizing the hazards of crossing, both for her and for the villagers, decided to collect money -lifetime efforts- to give them for the construction of a new, safer bridge. Lady Nonoulo due to the act stayed in history giving her name to the bridge and to the nearby mill.

Possible creation date of the mill is the same period that the bridge was built, around 1880.

Additional information of historical, cultural and tourism interest

Almost every village has surprises that challenge/cause the visitor to explore them.

Kefalovryso, the old big village of the area develops intense economic activity even today, because, apart from the livestock activities, it hosts the machining factory, the well-known "Metallurgical Industry", in which euro coins have been manufactured.

Dolo is one of the most beautiful villages in the region. Since 1978 it is a featured traditional settlement, due to its significant architectural features, which were stockpile.

Apart from people's works, Dolo is also endowed by nature, which gave it a unique landscape that is formed around Kouvaras' ravine.

Palaiopyrgos village has also a strong archaeological interest, as on the banks of Gormos river, in Plasi and Palioura location, the archaeological excavations brought to light two settlements of the early iron age.

Delvinaki has been the historical centre of Pogoni for years.

A village which stands out both for its rare beauty and its architectural heritage is Visani.

In Oreokastro village there are the sources of Glava, from which Gormos River is formed.

One of the most important economic and administrative centres of the region and the headquarters of the municipality of Ano Kalamas is Parakalamos which is located at an altitude of 400 m. and is 45km. away from Ioannina.

A unique natural gem of the area is Zaravina Lake. The Lake is included in the area of the Natura 2000 network, under the name "Mount Douskon, Oraiokastro, Meropi forest, Gormos plain, Lake of Delvinaki (GR 2130010)" band indeed is one of the main reasons for the integration of the region in the European network of protected areas.

In an area of rich vegetation and fascinating nature, there are the ravine and the waterfalls of Kalamas.

One of the most beautiful villages of the region, Pogoniani, stands out both for its natural environment and its cultural contribution.

Built amphitheatrically, near Greek-Albanian borders, lies Staurodromi village. Amongst its buildings, St Ioannis' the Baptist church stands out, which was built in 1183 and is one of the oldest monasteries in Epirus.

Near to the frontier station and to the custom of Kakavia, there is Ktismata village. In the region the stain of the ancient greek culture is evident, because evaluatively, in Ktismata are kept the most important discoveries of Pogoni. There we meet findings of the ancient city "Kastri", which is the second oldest city of Epirus.